To verify the occurrence of keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) and human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) associated uveitis (HAU) and to evaluate the immunologic status related to HTLV-1.
Ophthalmic examination (both eyes) and immunophenotyping of peripheral blood lymphocytes were performed in 207 infected asymptomatic blood donors (AS), 55 controls (NI), and 55 patients with HTLV-1 associated myelopathy (HAM/TSP). Examiner was masked to patient’s serologic status.
RESULTS: KCS was more frequent in HAM/TSP (30/ 55, 54.5%) than in NI and AS (07/55, 12.7% and 42/207, 20.3%, respectively). Presence of lacrimal hyposecretion in KCS individuals was higher in the HAM/ TSP group (P < .001) as compared with NI and AS. HAU was found in 1/55 (1.82%) of HAM/TSP patients and 4/207 (1.93%) of HTLV-1 seropositive donors. Higher levels of activated CD4 and CD8 T cells were observed in HAM/TSP. Patients with HAU displayed higher percentage of both CD4 HLA-DR and CD8HLA-DR when compared with NI and AS with- out HAU.
Patients with HAM/TSP manifested more ophthalmologic symptoms than asymptomatic HTLV-1–infected individuals, with significantly higher.